------------------------------------------------------------------- Medicinal Pot Needs A Vote (Staff Editorial By Don Bishoff In Eugene, Oregon, 'Register-Guard' Pans US Senator Gordon Smith's Campaign Against Medical Marijuana, Endorses The Medical Marijuana Ballot Initiative As Necessary In The Face Of Politics And Government Indifference, And Recounts Oregon's Brief History Of Legal Medical Marijuana, In 1979) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 11:54:08 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US OR: Column: Medicinal Pot Needs A Vote! Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Olafur Brentmar Pubdate: Mon, 20 April 1998 Source: Register-Guard, The (Oregon) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.registerguard.com/ Note: To contact Don Bishoff call GuardLine, 485-2000 and enter category 3828. His e-mail address is email@example.com MEDICINAL POT NEEDS A VOTE! LITERALLY surrounding themselves with school kids, Sen. Gordon Smith and Oregon police chiefs piously proclaimed last week that the medical use of marijuana shouldn't be decided at the ballot box. Oh? Then if not there, where? It certainly isn't being decided in Congress, where Smith introduced a wrongheaded anti-medical marijuana resolution that doesn't even do what he says it does. Nor in the Oregon Legislature, where a medical marijuana proposal got exactly two minutes of public hearing - and no vote - last session. Nor in the federal Drug Enforcement Administration, which in 1988 overruled its own administrative law judge's conclusion that some medical use of pot should be permitted. So why not decide it at the ballot box, through one of the initiative petitions proposed for Oregon's November general election? Just what the initiative was invented for - a chance for the people to take action on something that nobody else will touch. Republican Smith and others appeared at a press conference at a police chiefs' meeting in Eugene, to which a group of young people had been invited. They contended that legalizing pot - even to relieve pain and other suffering of the seriously ill - will send the wrong message about drugs to such young people. Oh? And what message would that be? That it's wrong for a doctor to try to ease intractable nausea, vomiting or pain? That's all that one of the Oregon medical marijuana initiatives calls for. The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act would allow the use of home-grown pot, with a doctor's approval, to relieve symptoms ' ms associated with cancer, AIDS, glaucoma, Lou Gehrig's disease, multiple sclerosis and paralysis. Patients would be limited in the amounts they could grow, would have to have written documentation from a doctor, and have "a state Health Division issued ID card. Yet Smith and the others contended that such a measure would somehow undermine cops' attempts to curb traffic in hard drugs. It was never clear exactly how. Smith said he's introduced a budget amendment specifying "that we not use federal monies for purposes of legalizing medicinal use of marijuana, but that we actually spend more, and research more, to find ways to relieve human suffering." But neither the first draft of his measure, passed out by his staff, nor a second, provided later, would do that. The first version simply bans using federal funds in any way "for the purpose of the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes." When I pointed out that it didn't mention any of the research Smith was talking about, the second version was produced. Handwritten onto the end was "except that this section shall not apply to medical research and investigational new drug programs under the Food & Drug Administration." Still nothing in there directing that "we actually spend more and research more." Maybe in the next version. To some of us, this issue has a familiar ring You see, Oregon actually legalized the medical use of marijuana - 19 years ago! A conservative Republican legislator, Cecil Johnson, pushed it through the '79 Legislature, and a conservative Republican governor, Vic Atiyeh, signed it into law. "A lady named Jean Lovejoy had an organization called 'Make Today Count,' " said Johnson, today an 80-year-old retired farmer. "I met with 'em and those with cancer had their husbands out on the street making illegal purchases of marijuana. They convinced me that in certain health conditions it did work." Lovejoy used pot, sometimes baked in brownies, to relieve nausea from cancer treatments. But she died a year or two later, without ever getting a legal dose. Johnson's bill called for the state Health Division to get pot seized by state police in drug busts and make it available to physicians, certifying that it was contamination-free. But division Administrator Kristine Gebbie said there was no way to test and certify such pot, and other division attempts to make the law work foundered in delay and/or disinterest. So the law was later quietly repealed. But Johnson still thinks it was a good idea: "I'm convinced of it, if somehow they could work out the availability. People are still breaking the law - and they don't want to do that, and it costs way more than it should." I suggested that he share his wisdom with fellow conservative Republican Gordon Smith. "Yeah, I might talk to him," Johnson said. "You've got to understand it to be in favor of it, and you've got to talk to some of the people that use it." Which is what Smith and the chiefs should have done before calling a press conference.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Seattle Media List (List Subscriber Puts Together An Excellent And Comprehensive List With Contact Information) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 16:44:07 -0700 (PDT) From: turmoil
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: Seattle Media List (LONG) Sender: email@example.com I called each of these Seattle area media outlets in the last few days and asked them for thier snail mail address to send press releases, and also a fax and email for sending press releases. I have only listed FAX numbers and Email Addresses for outlets that accept press releases by that method. With some exception this is Seattle Media Only.... The home of this list is http://seattlemusicweb.com/media Please email corrections or additions to firstname.lastname@example.org hopefully this is useful and not too repetitious of other projects... Newspapers---- Arlington Times (Arlington) 360/435-5757 - voice PO Box 67 Arlington WA 98223 360/435-0999 FAX Asia Today (Seattle) 206/365-8807 Phone rings and rings, no answer... Axis Music & Media Dispatch 360/ 753-6778 120 State Ave NE #181 Olympia WA 98501 360/753-6778 Bainbridge Review (Bainbridge Island) 206) 842-6613 VOICE PO Box 10817 Bainbridge, WA 98110 206/842-5867 FAX email@example.com Ballard News-Tribune (Seattle) 206/783-1244 VOICE 2208 NW Market Street #202 Seattle 98107 789-2455 FAX Beacon Hill News/South District Journal (Seattle) 206/461-1300 VOICE 2314 3rd Ave Seattle, WA 98121-1789 firstname.lastname@example.org NO FAXES Capitol Hill Times (Seattle) 206/461-1300 VOICE 2314 3rd Ave Seattle, WA 98121-1789 email@example.com NO FAXES Catholic Northwest Progress (Seattle) 206/382-4850 VOICE 910 Marion St. Seattle WA 98104 206/382-3487 FAX Central Kitsap Reporter (Bremerton) 360/308-9161 VOICE 9989 Silverdale WAy NW Suite 109 Silverdale, WA 98383 360/308-9363 FAX Chinese Business Journal (Seattle) 206/624-8781 voice mail Daily (Seattle) 206/543-2700 VOICE 132 Communications Box 635928 University of WA Seattle, WA 98295 206/543-2645 FAX Daily Journal of Commerce (Seattle) 206/622-8272 VOICE PO Box 11050 Seattle, WA 98111 206/622-8416 FAX firstname.lastname@example.org Dispatch: City Edition (Seattle) 206/441-8123 2318 2nd Ave. #366 A Seattle, WA 98122 No Fax or email for press releases Please limit press releases to those effecting Bell Town Eastside Week (Kirkland) 206/623-0500 1008 Western Ave. Suite 300 Seattle, WA 98104 206/467-4377 FAX mailto:email@example.com Actually, each writer has his/her own email address - firstname.lastname@example.org is for letters to the editor. email@example.com is the address to the calander section firstname.lastname@example.org is for James Bush who is listed as "politcal writer" complete list of email at http://www.seattleweekly.com/about_us/index.html Facts (Seattle) 206/324-0552 2765 E. Cherry Seattle, WA 98122 206/324-1007 FAX Federal Way News (Federal Way) 253/815-7600 DISCONECTED PHONE! Filipino-American Herald (Seattle) 425/712-1947 Message Machine - 425/771-5230 FAX Hispanic News (Seattle) 206/763-8090 2318 2nd Ave Seattle, WA 98121 206/763-6886 FAX International Examiner (Seattle) 206/624-3925 622 S. Washington Seattle, WA 98104 206/624-3046 FAX Issaquah Press (Issaquah) 425/392-6434 PO Box 1328 Issaquah 98027 425/391-1541 FAX no email please Jewish Transcript (Seattle) 206/441-4553 2041 3rd Ave. Seattle, WA 98121 206/441-2736 FAX email@example.com Journal American (Bellevue) 425/455-2222 PO Box 90130 Bellevue, WA 98009 425/635-0603 FAX each person has own email - if you mail to PO Box, include dept. you would like to recieve it. Journal of Commerce 206/622-8272 PO Box 11050 Seattle, WA 98111 206/622-8416 FAX firstname.lastname@example.org - editor Kirkland Courier (Kirkland) 425/822-9166 733 7th Ave #204 Kirkland WA 98033 Korea Central Daily News (Seattle) 206/365-4000 13749 Midvale Ave Seattle, WA 98133 La Voz (Seattle) 206/461-4891 157 Yesler Way Suite 400 Seattle, WA 98104 206/461-4893 FAX Labor World (Spokane) 509/327-7637 102 E. Boone Ave Suite 107 Spokane, WA 99202 509/327-2331 No Email Madison Park Times (Seattle) 206/461-1300 2314 3rd Ave Seattle, WA 98121-1789 email@example.com NO FAXES Please Medium (Seattle) - also has radio station? KRIZ 206/323-3070 2600 S. Jackson Seattle, WA 98144 NO FAXES - Please snail -mail Mercer Island Reporter (Mercer Island) 206/232-1215 PO 38 Mercer Isl 98040 206/232-1284 FAX firstname.lastname@example.org Morning News Tribune (Tacoma) 253/597-8742 PO Box 11000 Tacoma WA 98411 253/597-8274 FAX email@example.com - crime and saftey team leader - North American Post (Seattle) 206/623-0100 PO Box 3173 Seattle, WA 98114 206/625-1424 FAX Northwest Prime Time Journal (Kirkland) (for 55years + Monthly) 425/827-9737 10827 NE 68th St. K Kirkland, WA 98033 by 12th of month for following month 425/828-9176 FAX firstname.lastname@example.org Olympian (Olympia) 360/754-5400 PO Box 407 Olympia 98507 360/357-0202 FAX Puget Sound Business Journal (Seattle) 206/583-0701 720 3rd Ace Suite 800 Seattle WA 98104 206/447-8510 FAX email@example.com Queen Anne/Magnolia News (Seattle) 206/282-0900 2314 3rd Ave Seattle, WA 98121-1789 firstname.lastname@example.org NO FAXES The Rocket 206/728-7625 2028 5th Ave Seattle, WA 98121 206/728-8827 FAX No Email - Real Change 206/441-3247 2129 2nd Ave. Seattle, WA 98121 call before faxing 441-8847 email@example.com - email is preferred for press releases - Seattle Chinese Post/Northwest Asian Weekly (Seattle) 206/223-0623 414 8th Ave S. Seattle WA 98104 206/223-0626 Seattle Gay News (Seattle) 206/324-4297 1605 12th AVe #31 Seattle, WA 98122 206/322-7188 FAX email down frequently FAX or snail mail better. Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Seattle) 206/467-6000 PO BOX 1909 Seattle, WA 98111 206/448-8166 FAX A complete list of email addresses for metro reporters is available at - http://www.seattle-pi.com/pi/facts/pistaff.html Seattle Press (Seattle) 206/547-9660 No Answer Seattle Times, metro edition (Seattle) 206/464-2200 PO Box 70 Seattle WA 98111 206/464-2261 Seattle Weekly (Seattle) 206/623-0500 1008 Western Ave. Suite 300 Seattle, WA 98104 206/467-4377 FAX mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org Actually, each writer has his/her own email address - email@example.com is for letters to the editor. firstname.lastname@example.org is the address to the calender section email@example.com is for James Bush who is listed as "politcal writer" complete list of email at http://www.seattleweekly.com/about_us/index.html Shisha Journal (Seattle) 253/838-4592 253/838-4069 FAX Small Business Journal (Seattle) 206/281-5854 ???? Wrong number?? Sun (Bremerton) 360/377-3711 PO Box 259 Bremerton 98337 360/479-7681 FAX email only to specific reporters University Herald (Seattle) 206/461-1300 VOICE 2314 3rd Ave Seattle, WA 98121-1789 firstname.lastname@example.org NO FAXES West Seattle Herald/White Center News (Seattle) 206/932-0300 3500 SW Alaska Seattle, WA 98126 206/937-1223 FAX Please do not email press releases Western Viking (Seattle) 206/784-4617 PO Box 70408 Seattle WA 98107 No Fax or Email *** Radio Stations KBLE (Seattle) 206/324-2000 114 Lakeside Ave Seattle, 98122 206/322-4670 FAX email@example.com KBSG (Seattle) 206/343-9700 FAX 1730 Minor Ave. 20th Floor Seattle, WA 98101 206/343-0481 FAX KCIS (Seattle) - christian radio 206/546-7350 left message KCMS (Seattle) 206/546-7350 - same as above KCMU (Seattle) 206/543-2710 KUOW Box 353750 Seattle, WA 98195 206/543-2720 FAX best to fax KEZX (Seattle) 206/441-3699 2615 4th Ave Suite 150 Seattle, WA 98121 We Don't do news KGNW (Seattle) 206/443-8200 Inspiration Radio Group 2815 2nd Ave Suite 550 Seattle WA 98121 206/443-1561 FAX No Email KING (Seattle) 206/448-3981 No News Room. Only accept PSA's for classical events. KIRO (Seattle) 206/726-7000 1820 Eastlake Ave E. Seattle, WA 98102 206/726-7001 FAX firstname.lastname@example.org KISS (Seattle) 206/282-5477 3131 Elliot Ave Suite 750 Seattle, 98121 206/282-3531 FAX No Email KISW (Seattle) 206/285-7625 206/282-7018 FAX to Jim Kampmann Fax is best, no email please. KJR (Seattle) 206/285-2295 190 Queen Anne Ave N. Suite 100 Seattle, 98109 206/286-2376 FAX KKDZ (Seattle) 206/382-1250 disconnected... KKMO (Seattle) 206/287-1500 no answer... ring ring ring... KMPS (Seattle) 206/443-9400 PO Box 24888 Seattle 98124 206/441-1411 FAX No Email KMTT (Seattle) 206/233-1037 1100 Olive Way Suite 1650 Seattle WA 98101 206/233-8979 FAX No Email KNDD (Seattle) 206/622-3251 1100 Olive Way Suite 1550 Seattle, WA 98101 206/682-8349 No Email KNHC (Seattle) 206/281-6215 disconnected number - KNWX (Seattle) 206/726-7000 1820 Eastlake Ave E. Seattle, WA 98102 206/726-7001 email@example.com KOMO (Seattle) 206/223-5700 1809 7th Ave. Suite 200 Seattle, WA 98101 206/516-3110 FAX News 206/516-3179 FAX PSAs (events) no email KPLU (Seattle) 206/340-0230 1/800-677-5758 Pacific Lutheran University. Tacoma, WA 98447 253/535-8332 FAX Please no email press releases KPLZ (Seattle) SAME AS KOMO KRIZ (Seattle) Seattle Medium 206/329-7880 206/323-3070 2600 S. Jackson Seattle, WA 98144 NO FAXES - Please snail -mail KRWM (Seattle) 425/401-0049 No Answer - ring ring ring - KUBE (Seattle) 206/285-2295 190 Queen Anne Ave N Suite 100 Seattle, WA 98109 206/286-2376 FAX KUOW 206/543-2710 Box 353750 Seattle 98195 206/543-2720 FAX KVI (Seattle) See KOMO KXPA 206/292-7800 ring ring ring, no answer... KYCW (Seattle) Young Country KZOK (Seattle) 206/443-1025 PO Box 24888 Seattle, WA 98124 206/727-2345 FAX *** Television Stations KCTS-TV (Seattle) 206/728-6463 401 Mercer St. Seattle, WA 98109 206/443-6691 FAX No Email please KING-TV (Seattle) 206/448-5555 333 Dexter Ave N. Seattle, WA 98109 206/448-4525 FAX No Email Please KIRO-TV (Seattle) 206/728-7777 2807 3rd Ave. Seattle, WA 98121 206/441-4840 FAX firstname.lastname@example.org KOMO-TV (Seattle) 206/443-4145 100 4th Ave Seattle, WA 98109 206/443-3422 FAX better to use mail or FAX
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheriff Closes Pot Club, Slams Court Order ('Associated Press' Notes San Francisco Sheriff Mike Hennessey Reluctantly Shut Down The San Francisco Cannabis Cultivators Club Today) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 22:33:03 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Wire: Sheriff Closes Pot Club, Slams Court Order Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 SHERIFF CLOSES POT CLUB, SLAMS COURT ORDER A sheriff reluctantly shut down San Francisco's largest medical marijuana club Monday, as organizers waited in the wings to reopen under another name. San Francisco Sheriff Mike Hennessey served Cannabis Cultivators Club founder Dennis Peron with an order closing down the operation and ordered the building vacated. Peron and his followers cooperated peacefully. Hennessey made it clear he opposed the court order initiated by state Attorney General Dan Lungren, whom Peron is opposing in a David vs. Goliath campaign in the Republican gubernatorial primary. ``I support the medicinal marijuana law in the state of California, and it does seem this is an attempt to thwart that law,'' Hennessey said. The sheriff also said he would not move against the club's successor agency, the Cannabis Healing Center, which was opening under a new director at the same site. ``That has nothing to do with this court order,'' he said. Peron started the club four years ago and was a prime mover behind the successful 1996 drive for the state's medicinal marijuana law, which allows the sale of marijuana to patients for medical use. Monday, he emerged from the club with his belongings -- including a pot plant -- packed in a cardboard box. ``It's been an honor to lead you into a more loving and compassionate society, and it's very sad for me to have this moment in my life,'' Peron said to the shouts of ``Peron! Peron!'' from 75 supporters. The court order to close down the club was based on pot sales to caregivers, rather than to patients. Peron, who has sold pot to caregivers, called the issue a technicality that Lungren had seized on, but took responsibility for the error.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Linda McCartney Dies Of Cancer At 56 ('Washington Post' Says The Former Photographer Who Died April 17 In Santa Barbara, California, Like Her Husband, Former Beatle Paul McCartney, Made Headlines As A Result Of An Open Fondness For Marijuana) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 22:23:15 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Linda McCartney Dies Of Cancer At 56 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Washington Post Author: Richard Pearson, Washington Post Staff Writer Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Pubdate: Monday, 20 April 1998 LINDA MCCARTNEY DIES OF CANCER AT 56 Wife of Former Beatle Paul; U.S.-Born Photographer a Musician, Vegetarian, Animal Lover Linda McCartney, 56, a musician, photographer, noted vegetarian and animal rights activist who was the wife of the former Beatle Sir Paul McCartney, died of cancer April 17 in Santa Barbara, Calif. A statement issued by Paul McCartney's office said that Mrs. McCartney, who had been treated for breast cancer from 1995 to 1997, learned in March that cancer had spread to her liver. The statement also reported that the McCartneys had been on vacation in Santa Barbara, and that the couple had been riding horses two days before her death. A spokesman for the family said Paul McCartney has asked that instead of flowers, people make a donation to cancer research or animal welfare charities -- or simply "go veggie." The former Linda Eastman grew up in Scarsdale, N.Y., and studied art history at the University of Arizona. She then took a job as a receptionist with Town and Country magazine in New York. She began taking pictures of rock groups, including the Rolling Stones. She was acclaimed by one critic for "moody, gritty" studies. She met her future husband in 1967 while in London and married him there two years later. After the breakup of the Beatles, Paul McCartney recorded a solo album, "McCartney," in 1970, which sold more than a million copies in weeks. The next year, he and Mrs. McCartney, who had learned to play keyboards, synthesizer and percussion, released the album "Ram." It was a popular success but received mixed reviews from critics. The McCartneys, with guitarist Denny Laine and other musicians, then formed the group Wings, barnstorming the world to critical acclaim. Linda McCartney played the keyboard and sang. The groups' albums "Band on the Run," released in 1973, and "Venus and Mars," in 1975, went platinum. In 1973, both McCartneys were nominated for a best song Academy Award for the theme they wrote for the James Bond film "Live and Let Die." In 1984, the former Beatle wrote, produced and starred in a 20th Century Fox film, "Give My Regards to Broad Street," in which Linda McCartney also appeared. The Wings single "Mull of Kintyre," which was recorded in 1977, is said to be one of the biggest-selling singles ever. Linda McCartney became known not only for her music and photography but also for a variety of causes and beliefs. An ardent and lifelong vegetarian, she eventually came to market her own line of vegetarian foods. In 1991, she published a vegetarian cookbook. An animal lover whose great passion was said to be horseback riding, she was active in animal-rights causes, as well as charities for children and the Third World. She had long been especially active in People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. And, like her husband, she also made headlines as a result of an open fondness for marijuana. The McCartneys avoided the jet set, preferring to bring up their children quietly in out-of-the-way houses in southern England and Scotland. Mrs. McCartney's marriage to geophysicist John Melvyn See ended in divorce. In addition to her husband, survivors include their three children, Mary, Stella, and James; and a daughter from her first marriage, Heather. (c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Plane Crashes, Bystanders Steal Cargo ('Orange County Register' Notes One Informal Man-On-The-Street Poll In Detroit Finds Little Support For Marijuana Prohibition) Date: Wed, 22 Apr 1998 00:00:19 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US IL: Drug Plane Crashes, Bystanders Steal Cargo Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: John W.Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 DRUG PLANE CRASHES, BYSTANDERS STEAL CARGE A small plane loaded with marijuana crashed in a baseball field Sunday night in Detroit after being chased from Texas by U.S. Customs planes. Residents ran to help, but some fled with bundles of drugs while the pilot was dying, witnesses said. Three Customs planes had been chasing the aircraft - carrying 300 pounds of marijuana - since El Paso, Texas, Fire Chief Lee Moore said. The pilot apparently ran low on fuel before crashing in the field, about 1,500 miles from El Paso.
------------------------------------------------------------------- An Ally In The War On Drugs (Letter From US Representative Silvestre Reyes Of Texas, A Former US Border Patrol Agent, To Editor Of 'Washington Post,' Says The Most Important Lesson He Learned While Working On The Border Is That To Be Successful In The War On Some Drugs, The United States Must Help Mexico Reform Its Police Apparatus And Legal And Judicial Systems) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 22:00:34 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: WP OPED: An Ally in the War on Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Washington Post Author: Silvestre Reyes Note: The writer, a Democrat, is a U.S. representative from Texas. Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Pubdate: Monday, 20 April 1998 An Ally in the War on Drugs I live on our nation's border with Mexico. I have firsthand knowledge and experience of our nation's "war on drugs." I spent more than 26 years of my life on the front line of that "war" as a Border Patrol agent, enforcing our nation's immigration and narcotics laws. For 11 of those years, I was the Border Patrol sector chief in McAllen, Tex., and El Paso. The most important lesson I learned while working on the border is that to be successful in our fight against drug trafficking, we must help Mexico reform its police apparatus as well as its legal and judicial systems. If the United States and Mexico are to stop drug smuggling, we must cooperate and work in an environment of mutual understanding. Because about 60 percent of the cocaine on the streets of the United States passes through Mexico, its cooperation is vital to any counter-drug effort. Merely criticizing Mexico achieves nothing. The United States consumes more than $5 billion a year in illegal drugs. We should own up to our responsibility and stop trying to blame others. Indeed, a recent survey found that 46 percent of Americans believe that Americans are responsible for the problem of illegal drugs in the United States. Interestingly, 50 percent of those same Americans believe that certification should be made tougher. They believe that we as a country are responsible for creating the demand, but we need to punish foreign nations for our problem. We should not continue to use the certification process as a forum to vent the frustrations we as a nation feel about the devastating impact of drugs on our communities. The Mexican government bristles at the annual certification process, viewing it as an affront to their nation and an infringement on their sovereignty. The Mexican ambassador to the United States, Jesus Reyes-Heroles, refers to the certification process as "the most stressful period each year in the relationship between the two nations. This stress does not, in our view, enhance the cooperation essential to defeat this mutual scourge." Our nation shares a 2,000-mile border with Mexico, but we along the border share more than that with our neighbors to the south. Not only have our economies long been interdependent, but our cultures also are tied by more than 400 years of history. Since the implementation of NAFTA in 1993, communities on both sides of the border have become an integral part of the hemispheric trade success of North America with Latin America. American exports to Mexico increased by 126 percent from 1990 to 1996. The trade pact not only makes economic sense, it is also a logical evolution of international trade and commerce. It is a vibrant success story in the making, but it can be jeopardized by the process of certification and the contentious issues associated with it each year. Mexico's efforts in this "war on drugs" are notable and should not be overlooked. In the past year, Mexico has enacted money-laundering legislation and created new investigative units to help root out official corruption. The Mexicans also have begun to rebuild their anti-drug institutions under the leadership of Attorney General Jorge Madrazo. The Mexican government also has improved its efforts relating to extradition and has signed a bilateral extradition protocol. Mexico City already has approved the extradition of 27 fugitives from U.S. justice. Of the 27, 13 fugitives were extradited (seven for drug crimes) while the remaining 14 have appealed their extraditions. We must continue to build on this kind of progress. The United States policy of judging the drug-fighting efforts of other countries is counterproductive and must be changed if we are to have any real impact on international drug trafficking. We must develop a process in which we engage our partners through cooperation rather than confrontation. (c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Charges Dropped Against MS Patient Who Used Medicinal Marijuana In Congressman's Office (Marijuana Policy Project In Washington, DC, Says Cheryl & Jim Miller Go Free After Eating Cannabis In DC Office Of California Representative James Rogan - More Civil Disobedience Expected In Near Future) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 23:02:39 EDT Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Marijuana Policy Project
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Charges Dropped Against M.S. Patient Who Used Medicinal Marijuana in Congressman's Office FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE APRIL 20, 1998 ** Charges Dropped Against Multiple Sclerosis Patient ** ** Who Used Medicinal Marijuana in Congressman's Office ** Protesters Announce: It's Safe to Use Medicinal Marijuana in Washington, D.C. More Civil Disobedience is Expected in Near Future Washington, D.C. -- At their arraignment in D.C. Superior Court today, marijuana possession charges against multiple sclerosis patient Cheryl Miller and her husband, Jim, were dropped. On the morning of March 30, 1998, Cheryl Miller, who is severely disabled, used medicinal marijuana in U.S. Rep. Jim Rogan's (R-Calif.) office with the help of her husband and caregiver, Jim Miller. Both were arrested and subsequently charged with possession of marijuana, an offense punishable by up to six months in jail. The Millers committed this historic act of civil disobedience to protest against House Resolution 372. The resolution, which the House is expected to address within the next two weeks, states that the House is "unequivocally opposed to legalizing marijuana for medicinal use" and "urges the defeat of State initiatives which would seek to legalize marijuana for medicinal use." This was the first time that anyone has ever been arrested for using medicinal marijuana in a congressional office building. Furthermore, the vote on House Resolution 372 will be the first-ever congressional vote on medicinal marijuana legislation. "Eating marijuana relieves my pain and spasticity," said Cheryl Miller. "We were arrested, locked up, fingerprinted, and charged with marijuana possession. We were willing to serve a six-month sentence, but the court was afraid to uphold this bad law." "We were arrested in an act of nonviolent civil disobedience to protest House Resolution 372," said Jim Miller, Cheryl's husband and caregiver, who fed her the marijuana in Rep. Rogan's office in front of more than 20 television cameras. WHY ROGAN? "We targeted Rogan because he betrayed patients," said Jim Miller. "Rogan supported medicinal marijuana in the past, but now he supports upholding the laws that cause patients like Cheryl to be arrested and imprisoned." Rogan voted for favorable medicinal marijuana legislation in the California legislature in 1995. However, in the U.S. House Judiciary Committee on March 4, 1998, Rogan voted for the resolution that "unequivocally" opposes medicinal marijuana. "Tens of thousands of patients nationwide are using medicinal marijuana," said Chuck Thomas, director of communications for the Washington, D.C.-based Marijuana Policy Project. "The federal penalty is up to one year in prison for a joint -- and up to five years for a plant. Congress should remove criminal penalties for patients like Cheryl Miller, instead of proclaiming its `unequivocal' opposition." "Rogan is trying to weasel out of this controversy by saying that he supports medicinal marijuana in some situations, but he voted for a resolution that states `unequivocal' opposition. You can't be partially `unequivocally' opposed," said MPP's Chuck Thomas. "Moreover, the protest was primarily about House Resolution 372, not Congressman Rogan," said Chuck Thomas. "We picked Rogan in order to send the message that we will target not only the congressional leadership, but everyone who votes for this cruel legislation." TIME FOR NONVIOLENT DIRECT ACTION "Patients across the nation are being punished for using medicinal marijuana," said Thomas. "Here in Washington, under the scrutiny of the public eye, the government is too afraid to prosecute. This sends the message that it's safe to protest against the federal laws by using medicinal marijuana in Washington, D.C. We anticipate much more civil disobedience in the near future." "I was tired of living in fear of being arrested," said Cheryl Miller. "Patients like me need to confront their fears. It's better to get arrested in Washington for protesting to change the laws than to get arrested in our hometowns where we will surely be prosecuted and punished, with no greater good accomplished." ABOUT CHERYL AND JIM MILLER Cheryl Miller, age 51, was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1971. She and her husband Jim live in Silverton, New Jersey. Cheryl has taken all of the standard prescription drugs for her condition. She had to stop taking Dantrium, because of liver toxicity, and injectable steroid ACTH, because it is no longer available due to several harmful side effects. She still takes baclofen and other drugs -- all of which have harmful side effects. In 1992, Cheryl's neurologist prescribed Marinol, which consists of THC, marijuana's primary active ingredient, in a gelatin capsule. "The THC pill helps, but not as much as eating marijuana," said Cheryl Miller. "My doctor told me that he would prescribe marijuana if it were legal, but he was afraid to put anything in writing." Because Cheryl cannot move her arms, her husband Jim feeds her the marijuana. Cheryl eats marijuana to avoid the harm that marijuana smoke may cause in the respiratory system. Unlike the THC pill, marijuana contains 60 other active chemical compounds, called cannabinoids, several of which have been shown to be effective at treating pain and spasticity. Cheryl's demonstration has received extensive television news coverage, including ABC's 'World News This Morning'; Fox News Channel's 'Fox News Now', and dozens of local news programs across the nation. Video footage of the demonstration appeared on-line as the AP video of the day on March 31, 1998 (http://www.mpp.org/millers.html). Other coverage included a photo in 'USA Today' and an article in the 'Los Angeles Times'. - END - For up-to-date information on the status of House Resolution 372, please see http://www.mpp.org/la031398.html.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Won't Fund Needle Exchanges ('Associated Press' Says The Clinton Administration Declared Today That It Will Not Allow Federal Tax Dollars To Fund The Programs) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 10:14:51 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Wire: U.S. Won't Fund Needle Exchanges Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family
and David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 U.S. WON'T FUND NEEDLE EXCHANGES WASHINGTON (AP) -- Programs that let drug addicts exchange used needles for clean ones fight AIDS and do not encourage illegal drug use, the Clinton administration declared today -- but it will not allow federal tax dollars to fund the programs. The administration hopes that a strong endorsement will encourage communities to start their own needle exchanges. But AIDS activists have said that federal money -- so far banned -- is key, and they see the decision, announced today by Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala, as a defeat. ``We have concluded that needle exchange programs, as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention program, will decrease the transmission of HIV and will not encourage the use of illegal drugs,'' Shalala said today. But she said the program should be designed -- and funded -- by local communities. Asked why a program could not be locally designed but federally funded, she said: ``We had to make a choice. It was a decision. It was a decision to leave it to local communities.'' An administration official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the decision to endorse the programs was based on science, but the decision not to fund them came after consultations with the White House. Shalala is telling state and local officials that to start a needle exchange, the programs must be part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy that includes referring participants to drug treatment and counseling. Also, needles must be made available only on a replacement basis. AIDS activists were stunned by the decision, questioning how federal public health officials could say that needle exchanges work but then decline to fund them. ``It's like saying the world is not flat but not funding Columbus' voyage,'' said Daniel Zingale of the activist group AIDS Action. ``It's politics rather than public science,'' added Winnie Stachelberg of the Human Rights Campaign. ``Local communities have been scraping together programs for the last several years, but it's clear federal funds are needed.'' Needle exchange programs are one of the hottest topics in the AIDS crisis. Half of all people who catch HIV are infected by dirty needles, sex with injecting drug users or are children of infected addicts -- totaling 33 people every day, AIDS experts say. Numerous scientific studies and public health groups have declared that needle exchanges reduce that risk, and 88 needle exchanges operate around the country with private, state or local funding. But Congress had banned letting communities use federal tax dollars to pay for needle exchanges until Shalala certified that scientific studies proved they both reduced spread of the HIV virus and did not encourage drug use. After a months-long review by her top scientific advisers, Shalala this morning decided that needle exchanges are scientifically backed. The scientific review found that the needle exchanges that work best are part of a larger anti-HIV program that pushes addicts toward drug treatment. Indeed, one study of a needle exchange in the Bronx, N.Y., found that providing clean needles to heroin addicts in addition to offering them methadone treatment both lowered the risk of HIV infection and lowered their overall drug use. But whether to allow federal funding was a politically charged question that administration officials debated heavily over the weekend. Ultimately, Shalala decided that whether to fund a needle exchange was up to each community. The decision came after Republicans in Congress had threatened to ban federal funding of needle exchanges altogether if Shalala did decide to attempt it. And President Clinton's own drug policy chief, Barry McCaffery, has vigorously fought that attempt, saying it would send the wrong message to children. ``Such a program would in reality use tax dollars and the authority of the federal government to push drug paraphernalia into already drug-ravaged inner cities. This is reckless and irresponsible,'' Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, said in a weekend statement. Public health experts directly dispute that: ``Does needle exchange promote drug use? A preponderance of evidence shows either no change or decreased drug use,'' an NIH consensus conference concluded 14 months ago, saying the ban on funding for these programs will lead to ``many thousands of unnecessary deaths.'' Shalala last year agreed that science proved that needle exchanges were effective in fighting HIV, but said at that time that she needed to review further data on how they affect drug use.
------------------------------------------------------------------- No Federal Funds For Needle Exchange Efforts (Cable News Network Version) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 17:17:03 EDT Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Lee T. Neidow) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Federal Funding For Needle Exchange No Federal Funds For Needle Exchange Efforts By Eileen O'Connor/CNN WASHINGTON (April 20) - The Clinton Administration will back scientific evidence that says needle exchange programs reduce the spread of AIDS in intravenous drug users, while not increasing the use of drugs. The administration, however, will not authorize the use of federal funds for such needle exchange programs. Sources say that after an "exhaustive review," Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala has accepted a government-sponsored study showing such programs do reduce AIDS. A battle has raged within the administration for the last week, mainly between Barry McCaffrey, the director of Drug Control Policy, and Shalala McCaffrey has firmly opposed funding needle exchange programs. Administration sources say the decision was ultimately based on pragmatic politics. The Clinton Administration decided to back the science, to help some local communities in their own decisions on whether to fund needle exchange programs. But officials decided not to authorize the use of federal funding, given the lack of consensus in Congress, and even a possible backlash which could result in denying funding for other programs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Backs Needle Exchange, But Opposes Funds ('Reuters' Version) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 13:08:41 -0700 (PDT) From: turmoil
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: U.S. Backs Needle Exchange, but Opposes Funds (fwd) Sender: email@example.com WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Clinton administration Monday announced it had accepted scientific arguments in favor of needle exchange programs for drug addicts but would not release federal funds to pay for them. Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala said: ``A meticulous scientific review has now proven that needle exchange programs can reduce the transmission of HIV and save lives without losing ground in the battle against illegal drugs.'' The decision, taken after intensive discussions within the administration, was expected to disappoint those who believe such programs can help reduce the spread of AIDS. Government figures show that to date nearly 40 per cent of the 652,000 AIDS cases reported in the United States have a link with taking illegal drugs by injection. Administration sources said White House drug czar Barry McCaffrey played a major role in the administration's decision not to authorize federal funds for the programs, which are supported by all major medical associations including the American Medical Association (AMA). Many Republicans also say the programs would subsidize drug use. Asked why the government would not fund them, Shalala said it was important to ensure such programs be community-based. ''We have come to the conclusion that we should not release federal funds at this point... The administration has concluded that the science says these programs work but only if they are carefully designed in a community context,'' she added.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Three On The Needle Exchange Cop-Out (MAP Combines Three Articles From Business Wire And PRNewswire, Including Responses From Health Professionals, AIDS Experts) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 20:26:12 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Richard Lake
Subject: US: Wire: 3 on the Needle Exchange cop-out Newshawk: GDaurer Source: See Below Pubdate: 20 April 1998 Editor's Note: Today Ty Trippet of The Lindesmith Center, DRCNet, and Mark Greer of DrugSense all sent out alerts about the USA Today poll on needle exchange. What poll questions does not make clear is that the block on the use of federal funds for needle exchanges prevents funds already being provided as block grants to cities and states to fight AIDS from being used in this most important part of the fight. There are two polls (and perhaps more) collecting votes right now. The USA TODAY poll is at: http://www.usatoday.com/news/nfront.htm and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram one at: http://www.startext.net/starvote-cgi/starvote If the following does not help you to consider voting, perhaps watching the numbers climb on the War on Drugs clock at: http://www.drugsense.org/wodclock.htm will. Oh, and we will not mind if our friends outside the United States vote, too. - Richard Lake, Senior Editor, DrugSense News Service FEDERAL FUNDS FOR NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAMS DENIED; ADMINISTRATION SHOWS "CALLOUS DISREGARD" FOR WOMEN, COMMUNITIES OF COLOR, SAYS NATION'S LARGEST NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM SAN FRANCISCO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--April 20, 1998--Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala has announced today her finding that needle exchange programs decrease the spread of HIV/AIDS and do not lead to increased drug use. In spite of this determination, however, Secretary Shalala will not make any federal funds available to support needle exchange efforts and instead shunted the responsibility to local communities to fund these life-saving programs. "While we are relieved that the Secretary has acknowledged the scientific data at long last, the decision to withhold federal funding from needle exchange programs is immoral and deadly," said Pat Christen, Executive Director of the San Francisco AIDS Foundation HIV Prevention Project, operator of the nation's largest needle exchange program. "This administration has shown a callous disregard for the disproportionate impact this decision will have on communities of color and women." Nearly 50% of all new HIV infections and 44%, 44% and 61% of all reported AIDS cases among African American, Latinos, and women, respectively, are related to injection drug use. Existing law prohibits the use of federal funds for needle exchange unless the Secretary of Heath and Human Services certifies that needle exchange reduces HIV transmission and does not encourage drug use. Numerous scientific studies, including a 1997 Consensus Conference by the National Institutes of Health, has concluded that these two conditions have been met. "It defies logic to determine a program's efficacy and then not fund the program, especially in the middle of an epidemic," said Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi of San Francisco. "The Administration's decision shows a lack of political will in the midst of a public health emergency." In recent months, the Administration's deliberations were strongly influenced by the President Clinton's so-called "drug czar," General Barry McCaffrey, who opposes needle exchange despite overwhelming scientific evidence that such programs do not lead to increase drug use. The San Francisco AIDS Foundation (www.sfaf.org) is a non-profit, community- based AIDS service organization that has been at the forefront of the battle against HIV disease for sixteen years. The San Francisco AIDS Foundation HIV Prevention Project works in partnership with the San Francisco AIDS Foundation and operates the nation's largest needle exchange program at 2.2 million sterile syringes exchanged each year. CONTACT: San Francisco AIDS Foundation - Derek Gordon, 415/487-3031 *** CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S DECISION ON NEEDLE EXCHANGE IS POLITICS OVER PUBLIC HEALTH Federal Government Chooses Politics Over Science LOS ANGELES, April 20 /PRNewswire/ -- The following is a statement by James Loyce, Jr., Chief Executive Officer, AIDS Project Los Angeles: Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala abdicated her responsibility to protect the health of United States citizens today by recommending that no federal funds be spent on needle exchange programs to stop the spread of HIV. Drug tzar, General Barry McCafferey, an official with no statutory responsibility for the health of the public has won this battle. This egregious disregard for science and public health may sacrifice the lives of 33 Americans who will be infected by dirty needles each day on the altar of political expediency. In Los Angeles County and the United States, the increase in infections among women is largely due to injection drug use. More women, and therefore children, are not only at risk from sharing needles, but from having sex with infected injection drug users. By choosing not to allocate federal funds for needle exchange programs, the federal government is ignoring multiple scientific findings that these activities do not promote drug use and decrease the rate of new infections. Needle exchanges also help injection drug users access information about drug treatment. SOURCE: AIDS Project Los Angeles *** AmFAR WELCOMES SCIENTIFIC DETERMINATION ON NEEDLE EXCHANGE BUT URGES LIFTING OF THE FEDERAL BAN Applauds Science-Based Decision; Says Women, Children, Families at Risk NEW YORK, April 20 /PRNewswire/ -- Dr. Mathilde Krim, Chairman of the Board of the American Foundation for AIDS Research (AmFAR), made the following statement today following the announcement by Secretary of Health and Human Services Donna Shalala regarding needle exchange programs: "Today, the Administration has put science and principle ahead of politics to save lives with Secretary Shalala's determination on needle exchange. At this critical juncture, however, we urge the Administration to make this positive determination a practical reality across our country by lifting the ban on the federal funding for needle exchange programs. "A growing number of new cases of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States are due to the use of HIV-contaminated needles by injection drug users. The lives of hundreds of thousands of men, women and children are threatened today by this source of HIV transmission. Already, the majority of new cases of AIDS among women are directly or indirectly associated with injection drug use. "Needle exchange programs have been evaluated by prestigious scientific and other panels for their ability to reverse the deadly tide. These programs were repeatedly found capable of stemming the rate of HIV transmission among exchange participants without contributing to increased injection drug use. "Since 1988, AmFAR has invested $3.5 million in the planning, conduct and evaluation of the efficacy of needle exchange programs both in the Untied States and overseas. AmFAR-funded research showed that needle exchange reduces HIV infection by two thirds among injection drug users within three years and does not increase drug use. Today, as the largest independent funders of research on this issue, we, at AmFAR, are proud of this important contribution. "We thank the Secretary for accepting the judgment of those who speak for our scientific, medical, public health and legal communities; for weighing the facts against speculations, and for arriving at a determination that will encourage communities to develop comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention programs that include a needle exchange component. "We must now urge the Administration to go further, and lift the ban on federal funding for needle exchange programs. "There is only one morally acceptable outcome to a political impasse on this issue in a society that believes in the inherent value of each and every human life. "Given today's recognition of scientific fact from the Administration, the withholding of federal funds for needle exchange programs means the immoral withholding of a lifesaving intervention from most of those people that the public health system is there to protect." SOURCE: AmFAR
------------------------------------------------------------------- Smoke And Mirrors In The Tobacco Crusade (Syndicated Columnist Debra J. Saunders In 'The Orange County Register' Says The National Policy And Youth Smoking Reduction Act Being Crafted In Congress Allows Politicians To Drastically Increase Taxes With No Repercussions - Only 2 Percent Of All Cigarettes Are Consumed By Teens, But Most Adult Smokers Are Lower Or Middle Class - The Nonpartisan Tax Foundation Estimates That 59 Percent Of The Tax Boost Would Be Paid By People Earning Less Than $35,000 A Year, 34 Percent By People Who Earn Under $15,000 - The Average Single Smoker Will Pay $599 More Annually In Taxes By 2003 If The McCain Bill Becomes Law) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 19:37:50 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US: Column: Smoke and Mirrors in the Tobacco Crusade Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: John W.Black Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Author:Debra J.Saunders-Ms.Saunders is a syndicated columnist. SMOKE AND MIRRORS IN THE TOBACCO CRUSADE If you want to support the National Policy and Youth Smoking Reduction Act being crafted in Washington these days, try not to think too hard. Don't ask yourself whether the legislation really will "reduce teen smoking in America," as President Clinton said in a speech last week. Don't look at the rise in teen smoking, despite campaigns against the lethal habit. Teen smoking has increased every year since Clinton became president and declared war on the nasty habit among teens. I don't blame Clinton for the rise, but considering the lip service he has given to this cause - with the result that the number of high school seniors who smoke rose from 17.2 percent in 1992 to 22.2 percent in 1996 - I hardly expect him to deliver the cure. Don't ask yourself who really pays the tax. Tobacco-bill boosters say that tobacco companies will have to pay $516 billion in higher taxes - or more if Washington decides to outdo a measure pushed through by Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.). Believe them. Forget that it's really smokers who will pay the tab. Forget that most smokers are poor or lower-middle class. (The nonpartisan Tax Foundation estimates that 59 percent of the tax boost would be paid by people earning less than $35,000 a year, 34 percent by people who earn under $15,000. The average single smoker will pay $599 more annually in taxes by 2003 if the McCain bill becomes law. But that is an unpleasant fact, and what are unpleasant facts compared to good intentions?) Don't ask whether the tobacco tax is a regressive tax that burdens (mostly poor) people already punished enough by tobacco companies. Don't ask if this tax increase is another case of kicking the victim. Don't ask why Washington would raise cigarette taxes to reduce teen consumption when - according to the Tax Foundation - teens are responsible for only 2 percent of U.S. cigarette consumption. Don't wonder which industry - alcohol, cars" - politicians will target after they've squeezed smokers dry. Most pols want to spend more tax dollars but understand they can't raise taxes in general. They need vilified industries if they want to appease their big spending habits. Today cigarettes, tomorrow alcohol and fast-food. Or maybe gasoline because it causes teen car accidents. Whatever it is, expect the call for greater taxes to be an issue not of spending but of making America safer for The Children. Don't ask if the higher tax - $1.10 per pack - would lead to bootlegging. The answer is yes. Don't wonder why President Clinton won't enumerate exactly how much more the Republican Congress should add to the tobacco tax bite. He doesn't care. He only wants to make Republicans look soft on tobacco. Don't question whether an increased tax burden actually will reduce consumption or if it will simply pinch smokers. Don't think of countries like France, where the average tax per pack is $2.61 - and consumption is above 40 percent. If bill boosters say a tax hike will decrease smoking, you shouldn't question them. The important thing is that Washington, D.C., pols can look good by supporting as big a tax - on the evil tobacco companies - as possible. It doesn't matter if the tax reduces teen smoking, as advertised. The important thing is that the measure purports to help kids. Therefore, it would be wrong to question any aspect of it. Wake up America! Before we reach the point of no return, wake up!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Attacks On Cigarettes Reek Of Hypocrisy (Letter To Editor Of 'Milwaukee Journal Sentinel' Says What Else Can You Call It Except Hypocrisy When The President And Congress Want To Hold The Tobacco Industry Liable For Kids Smoking After The President Is Caught On Camera Smoking A Cigar, And Then Wants To Ban Billboards?) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 09:12:18 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: PUB LTE: Attacks on Cigarettes Reek of Hypocrisy Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (414) 224-8280 Website: http://www.jsonline.com/ Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 ATTACKS ON CIGARETTES REEK OF HYPOCRISY Hypocrisy. What else can you call it when the president and Congress want to hold the tobacco industry liable for kids smoking after the president is caught on camera smoking a cigar, and then wants to ban billboards? A study by the Office of National Drug Control reports that since 1993, marijuana use by teens rose from 29% to 48%, and 90% of 9- to 12-year-olds are aware of marijuana according to the Partnership for a Drug Free America in a Journal Sentinel story ("Parents out of touch with their kids' drug use," April 13). The same story told of teenagers dying of overdoses of heroin. I have yet to see a billboard flaunting either one, yet kids die every day from drugs, not cigarettes. This is one fact the do-gooders against tobacco don't talk about. It's called priorities. Tobacco is deadly in any form, but what they don't tell you is that the same carcinogens that are in a cigarette come out of your auto's tailpipe, lawn mower, snow blower, etc. Do we not, as kids do, inhale these deadly secondhand fumes every day? Why is there no outcry or taxes or billboard bans on these? After all, isn't the motor vehicle the leader in maiming, crippling and killing wildlife and humans? Robert F. Krause West Allis *** [Portland NORML notes: The only "drug" that kids could be said to die from every day is alcohol.]
------------------------------------------------------------------- Summit Ends With Promises - Hemisphere Leaders Focus On Trade ('Washington Post' Says The Second Summit Of The Americas Ended Monday In Santiago, Chile, With US President Clinton And 33 Other Western Hemisphere Leaders Signing A Declaration That Promised Everything From A Rethinking Of The War On Some Drugs To Negotiations That Could Create The World's Largest Free Trade Zone) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 22:17:33 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Chile: WP: Summit Ends With Promises Hemisphere Leaders Focus on Trade Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Washington Post Authors: Anthony Faiola and Thomas W. Lippman, Washington Post Foreign Service Page: A01 - Front Page Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Pubdate: Monday, 20 April 1998 SUMMIT ENDS WITH PROMISES HEMISPHERE LEADERS FOCUS ON TRADE SANTIAGO, Chile, April 19-The second Summit of the Americas ended here today with President Clinton and 33 other Western Hemisphere leaders signing a declaration that promised everything from a rethinking of the drug war to negotiations that could create the world's largest free-trade zone. The leaders treaded lightly on the challenges to democracy still looming in Latin American trouble spots from Paraguay to Peru, concentrating on "a second generation" of issues, such as education and economics. The topics reflected what participants labeled an overall deepening of Latin America's transition from dictatorships to democracies and from state-owned behemoths to free-market systems. Clinton underscored his belief that a greater pool of people must benefit from those changes if they are to hold. The Americas have undergone a "profound revolution in the last few years, a revolution of peace and freedom and prosperity," the president said. "Here in Santiago, we embrace our responsibility to make these historic forces lift the lives of all our people. . . . It is a future worthy of the new Americas in a new millennium." In Latin America, which long has been the inferior partner in a generally paternalistic relationship with the United States, the summit is widely viewed as a key turning point in equalizing that relationship. Latin officials, for instance, believe a great leap forward was made in the creation here of a Multilateral Counter Drug Alliance that would use the Organization of American States as a tool to evaluate each nation's record of combating drug trafficking -- a process seen here as a potential alternative to the highly disparaged U.S. procedure of "certifying" the anti-drug cooperation of individual nations. "We saw the [U.S.-Latin America] relationship change during this summit," Chilean Foreign Minister Jose Miguel Insulza said in an interview. "If Richard Nixon hadn't used the term 'mature partnership' to describe his ignoring of Latin America in the 1970s, that is exactly the term we would be using to describe the relationship today. We are talking more equally, and we are no longer having one-way conversations. The U.S. is listening to us, too." But U.S. officials were quick to point out that some changes are not likely to be immediately forthcoming. In discussing the U.S. drug certification process, national security adviser Samuel R. "Sandy" Berger declared: "We would have to obviously have a long discussion with Congress before there were any changes in U.S. law. I think that's not contemplated at this point." In general, however, he echoed Insulza's assessment of the hemispheric relationship. "One of the things that is very striking about this meeting," Berger said, "is that . . . there is no sense of America trying to dominate [the other] countries. . . . There is a genuine spirit of partnership." That new relationship manifested itself in a number of ways, not all pleasing to the Americans. One clear indication of hemispheric willingness to question U.S. policy came in the form of private calls for reinstatement of Cuba to the OAS and in public declarations that Cuban President Fidel Castro should be included in future hemispheric summits. On the heels of Pope John Paul II's visit to Cuba in January, it was revealed this weekend that Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien, who will host the next summit, possibly in 2000, has accepted an invitation to visit Havana next week, becoming the first Canadian leader to do so in 21 years. Meanwhile, other leaders here spoke of ending Cuba's isolation. "The exclusion of Cuba is unfair because that country isn't a threat to anyone," Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori told reporters. "The Cuban president should have been allowed to come here and express his point of view and to listen to criticism of him." But the Cuba issue was one of the few divisive notes in what was generally a diplomatic love fest. Indeed, the language of the final communique is so lofty that it almost echoes Marxist utopian rhetoric from bygone generations -- the difference being that trade and capital markets, rather than economic collectivism, are offered as the keys to a happier future for the region. As expected, the summit participants agreed to a strict schedule of negotiations for a proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas, despite the fact that Clinton arrived in the Chilean capital without "fast track" authority -- the power to sign trade accords that Congress could then only vote up or down, without amendment. The lack of fast track, which Clinton failed to win from Congress last November, ironically was viewed here as a deal maker, rather than a deal breaker. Countries such as Brazil -- which had resisted the initial U.S. format for trade talks -- found the United States now willing to compromise on the structure of negotiations to keep the prospect of a vast free-trade zone alive. Although it will still be tough to persuade many opponents at home, U.S. Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky said that the proposed free trade area "is embraced by all of the countries without exception as integration to a broader agenda of strong democracies, the alleviation of poverty and the empowerment of people and sustainable development." In the summit communique, the nations agreed to sign an accord by 2005, with the first round of negotiations to begin as early as June. The 34-page "plan of action" goes on to address everything from new techniques to combat the drug trade to standards for transporting nuclear waste through the Panama Canal. Other new drug proposals include hemispheric efforts to crack down on money laundering, combat drug addiction and support "alternative development" programs to encourage farmers who grow drug-producing plants to cultivate legal crops. The summit plan also focused on illiteracy and pledged to "ensure, by the year 2010, universal access to and completion of quality primary education for 100 percent of children and access for at least 75 percent of young people to quality secondary education." The Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank have already committed $6 billion in concessionary loans for education over the next three years. The plan calls further for a strengthening of Latin American judicial systems -- still among the region's weakest institutions -- through creation of a new justice center that would train judges and prosecutors on applications of law. The document also outlines a tighter regulation of the region's banking system, greater cooperation in rooting out money laundering and greater participation in U.N. peacekeeping missions by Latin American armed forces. Indeed, at the same time the United States engages in a new partnership approach toward Latin America, the nations in the hemisphere appear more willing to work with Washington to address their myriad social and economic problems. There may be a lingering "us vs. them" attitude, especially in South America, but it was not much on display here. "You now have recognition by all these governments of the need to rebuild civil society at the local level," one senior U.S. official said. At the first summit of the Americas, in Miami in 1994, he said, "we couldn't get that recognized. Some of them wouldn't even talk about it." (c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Chretien Vows Deal To Curb Drugs ('Ottawa Sun' Quotes Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien Saying Yesterday In Santiago, Chile, That A Proposed New Free Trade Deal Covering North, South And Central America Will 'Curb The Scourge Of Illegal Drugs') Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 21:53:06 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Canada: Chretien Vows To Curb Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Ottawa Sun (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.canoe.ca/OttawaSun/ Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Author: Anne Dawson, Parliamentary Bureau Newshawk's Comment: Published in all the Sun papers in Canada CHRETIEN VOWS DEAL TO CURB DRUGS SANTIAGO, Chile -- Prime Minister Jean Chretien yesterday vowed a new free-trade deal covering North, South and Central America will "curb the scourge of illegal drugs." In wrapping up the weekend Summit of the Americas, which officially launched negotiations to create a $10-trillion free-trade zone for 800 million people from Canada to Argentina, Chretien said Canada was at the forefront of initiating a concrete plan to stop the havoc wreaked by illegal drug use in the Western Hemisphere. "We want to work in very close collaboration to make sure that the production and the consumption of drugs will go down in all parts of the Americas because it is a disease that is hurting a lot of people," Chretien said during the final session of Summit talks. AGREEMENT "Everybody has agreed to work very closely to try to improve the situation." Foreign Affairs Minister Lloyd Axworthy will lead a group of foreign ministers from the 34 countries which will comprise the free-trade zone to study the problem and come up with "long-term solutions." He said he wants to zero in on all angles of the problem -- the countries that produce drugs, those which transport them and the ones that consume drugs. "This kind of impact goes far beyond being simply a question of supply and demand," said Axworthy. The leaders also agreed to make education a top priority as nearly half of the kids in Latin American countries, excluding those in the Caribbean, are currently not attending any school. About 50% of the population in the southern hemisphere is under the age of 16. Chilean President Eduardo Frei told the Summit that the leaders agreed that by the year 2010 they will have plans in place to ensure all children in the Americas will begin and stay in elementary school and at least 75% of youth will complete a secondary education. Copyright (c) 1998, Canoe Limited Partnership.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bloc MP Claims She Was Detained By US Customs Officials ('Ottawa Hill Times' Says Bloc Quebecois Member Of Canadian Parliament Monique Guay Wants To Ensure That Federal MPs Can Travel Freely To The United States) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Bloc MP claims she was detained by U.S. customs officials Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 11:46:05 -0700 Lines: 108 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Ottawa Hill Times Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: April 20, 1998 Bloc MP claims she was detained by U.S. customs officials Monique Guay wants to ensure that federal MPs can travel freely to U.S. By Mike Scandiffio The Hill Times A Bloc Quebecois MP who says she was detained by U.S. customs officials while travelling with the minister for International Cooperation last month wants the government to take steps to ensure that federal MPs can travel freely to our country's largest ally. Bloc Quebecois international development critic Monique Guay (Laurentides, Que.) was returning from a trip to Africa last month, stopping in New York City's John F. Kennedy Airport. She was travelling with Minister Diane Marleau (Sudbury, Ont.) and with NDP MP Pat Martin (Winnipeg Centre, Ont.), the labor and training critic for his party. The three were in Africa for a meeting of the Global Coalition for Africa. Ms. Guay said she was stopped by a U.S. customs agent who told her his computer said she was an American citizen and wanted to see her American passport. The Bloc MP said she told the agent she was not a U.S. citizen, presented the agent with her Canadian passport which identifies her as an MP, but said she was still detained for 25 minutes. Ms. Guay said he was "very impolite." Said Ms. Guay: "I explained to him that I was an MP and that I had to make my plane to Ottawa or there would be a problem. " Ms. Guay said neither the minister, nor Mr. Martin had trouble getting through customs. "They were waiting and were wondering what had happened," said Ms. Guay, adding that the minister told her that this has happened with other government people. Ms. Guay is now worried that these inconveniences could get worse if the U.S. starts demanding visas from Canadians travellers in two years. A visa is a legal document that asks for permission to apply to enter into the country. "I have talked to U.S. senators and they said they plan to want visas in two years," she told The Hill Times. Ms. Guay said she wants the House Speaker and the foreign affairs minister to talk to the Americans about the issue. She plans to bring it up with the U.S. senators and representatives when the Canada-U.S. Parliamentary Association meets in May. MPs carry a special passport when they are traveling and also have a card which identifies them as MPs. Bloc Quebecois MP Daniel Turp (Beauharnois-Salaberry, Que.) raised Ms. Guay's case in the House last month, but Foreign Affairs Minister Lloyd Aworthy (Winnipeg South Centre, Man.) said after discussing it with the U.S. that the U.S. said it was not a U.S. border inspector who went through the search and seizure procedure. Mr. Axworthy said he was negotiating with the U.S. to establish a new model for border crossings "that will be a model for the world." Last fall, MPs, especially those whose ridings border the United States, were shocked to find out about a U.S. bill supported by southern senators would force people crossing the border to show documentation. Liberal MP Roger Gallaway (Sarnia-Lambton, Ont.) represents a riding with one of the busiest border crossings in Canada. He said if the bill gets passed, the U.S. bill would wreak havoc with commercial traffic, causing 14-hour delays. Michigan Republican Senator Spencer Abraham is fighting to have Canada removed from the bill. Mr. Gallaway said the bill was intended to deal with the U.S.-Mexico border but added that he is getting more complaints Meanwhile, Bernard Shinkman, the U.S. Embassy spokesman told The Hill Times that there are no plans to require that Canadians present visas when they cross the border. Mr. Shinkman declined to comment on Ms. Guay's incident.
------------------------------------------------------------------- It's High Time For A National Debate (Letter To Editor Of 'Edmonton Sun' Notes A Recent Angus Reid Poll Found That 51 Percent Of Canadians Want The Full Legalization Of Marijuana) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: PUB LTE: It's "high" time for a national debate. Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 07:41:08 -0700 Lines: 32 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Edmonton Sun Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: April 20, 1998 Comment: Parenthetical remarks by the Sun editor : headline by hawk LETTER OF THE DAY WITH THE recent hubbub surrounding Justice Minister Anne McLellan's marijuana fears, perhaps it's a sign that we need another Royal Commission to look at the issue. In 1972, the LeDain Commission recommended the decriminalization of marijuana after four years of research. Over 25 years later, pot is hot once again and the public wants a debate. A recent Angus Reid poll found that 51% of Canadians want the full legalization of marijuana. Similarly, a 1994 Health Canada survey revealed 69.1% support for either legalization or decriminalization. And, of course, the Rebagliati incident triggered a stream of editorials and articles across the country. Over 600,000 Canadians have been burdened with criminal records for cannabis possession since the 1960s. This is a tremendous injustice, something that the minister of justice and the rest of Parliament needs to address. It's "high" time for a national debate. Chris Clay Sechlet, B.C. (Legalization is unlikely, but sympathy for the issue is unquestionably growing.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Lesson To Be Learned (Two Letters To Editor Of 'Calgary Sun' Respond To Different Items) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: LTE: Lesson to be learned Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 07:37:35 -0700 Lines: 74 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Calgary Sun Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: April 20, 1998 Comment: Parenthetical remarks by the Sun editor LETTER OF THE DAY *** ART HANGER missed the lesson to be learned from California's "three strikes and you're out" legislation ("Hanger's bang-on," April 13). Americans incarcerate criminals at almost five times the rate of Canada, yet have a significantly higher crime rate. True, California's crime rate has come down, but so has Canada's and other American jurisdictions which don't have similar incarceration policies. And what is the cost to California taxpayers? They now spend more on prisons than they do on education ($18 to $1). If they were able to reverse the ratio, perhaps they might see reductions in poverty, hopelessness, suicides and crime. I don't see how the Reform party can promise balanced budgets and expensive penal policies all in the same breath. Contrary to common belief, imprisonment does little to protect the public in the long run. It just diverts money away from other, more meaningful and productive purposes, including services to victims. I hope that the taxpayer did not pay for Art's trip. Philip West (If we did, it would be worth every penny.) *** RE: "THE POLITICS of puff" (April 14.) Congratulations to Diane Francis for a brilliant piece of journalism! I agree with her 100%. Talk about a hypocritical government; rake in millions of tax dollars from tobacco consumption, but tell people they should quit smoking! Laughable, isn't it? If the government was at all serious about having people quit smoking, they would ban tobacco tomorrow. Until they do, the government should leave us alone and keep their hands out of our pockets! Jack Thomas (An outright ban wouldn't work, but some measures have to be taken to discourage people from taking up this deadly habit.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Win War In Drug Capital ('The Daily Telegraph' In Australia Says That After Almost A Year Of Zero Tolerance Enforcement Resulting In More Than 2,500 Charges, Police Claim To Have Turned Around The Face Of Australia's Heroin Capital, Cabramatta) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 11:17:55 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Australia: Police Win War In Drug Capital Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Ken Russell Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Source: The Daily Telegraph (Australia) Contact: email@example.com Author: Will Temple POLICE WIN WAR IN DRUG CAPITAL AFTER almost a year of "zero tolerance" resulting in more than 2500 charges, police have turned around the face of Australia's heroin capital Cabramatta, the area's regional commander said yesterday. Speaking on the eve of the fifth phase of the high-profile drug crackdown Operation Puccini, Greater Hume regional commander Chris Evans said crime had been driven underground with no significant displacement to other areas. "A year ago it was horrific - there were drug deals taking place in broad daylight and intravenous drug use in front of you," Cmdr Evans said. "This has not been completely eliminated but it has been vastly reduced." Thirty-eight new officers from other patrols in the Greater Hume area start their induction at Cabramatta today to prepare for the three-month operation. They will be reminded of their stop-and-search powers and familiarised with the area and any trouble spots. Cmdr Evans said drug deals and use had become more covert. But he said Puccini had achieved its goal of improving the quality of life for Cabramatta's law-abiding residents. Since the operation began last July police have worked 6500 shifts to make almost 1500 arrests. They have seized almost 900 drug caches - mostly in single balloons - and have also arrested 29 people for carrying knives and issued more than 4000 railway infringement notices. Cmdr Evans said that while there had been an increase in drug taking and crime in areas further down the rail line at Campbelltown, police operations had effectively mopped it up. He said figures for March indicated crime levels had fallen across his region and the continuing strategy of Puccini would help maintain this trend. Measures which have helped clean up the problem included banning offenders from the Cabramatta CBD as part of their bail conditions. Police have used the practice at their stations and he welcomed the support of magistrates for the initiative. The controversial closed-circuit television cameras set up in the area have also been of great assistance to police in providing court evidence. Fairfield deputy mayor Frank Oliveri said business and residential confidence had improved as a result of the operation. "The situation is improving and the residents and shopkeepers are happy with the progress," Cmdr Oliveri said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medicine May Encourage Cocaine Use (Ignorant Journalists At 'The Age' In Australia Misrepresent Recent Article About Ritalin In 'New Scientist') Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 20:47:29 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Australia: Medicine May Encourage Cocaine Use Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Ken Russell Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Source: The Age Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.theage.com.au/ Author: Leigh Dayton MEDICINE MAY ENCOURAGE COCAINE USE Concern is growing that a drug given to millions of hyperactive children worldwide may prime their brains for drug abuse later in life. Some researchers in the United States fear that the leading treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), methylphenidate marketed as Ritalin, affects the brain like cocaine. As a result, they suggest that cocaine may have a bigger impact on people who were treated with the drug, thereby increasing the likelihood they will "develop a taste for cocaine", New Scientist magazine reported at the weekend. In Australia, the National Health and Medical Research Council has estimated that between 2 and 6 per cent of children, mostly boys, are affected by the disorder. Sufferers often find it difficult to concentrate and are prone to fidgeting, impulsive movements and clumsiness. According to New Scientist, animal experiments and a study of just how and where Ritalin works in the human brain support the claim that it may encourage cocaine use. A long-term study of 5000 Californian adolescents with the disorder found that, as adults, those treated with Ritalin were three times more likely to use cocaine - although they were no more likely to abuse alcohol or marijuana - than those who did not take the medication. The research was conducted by a pharmacologist, Dr Susan Schenk, at Texas A & M University and a psychologist, Dr Nadine Lambert, of the University of California. Australian experts greeted the suggestion that Ritalin may be linked to cocaine abuse with caution. Although she said the possibility "certainly requires further work", University of New South Wales Associate Professor Florence Levy, head of the Avoca Clinic at the Prince of Wales Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, said that for many children the benefits of Ritalin outweighed the potential risks. Dr Christopher Green, director of the Child Development Unit at the New Children's Hospital, went further, pointing to a study of high school students in the US which found those treated with the medication were less likely to drop out of school and abuse drugs than those who did not receive treatment.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cleaning Up The Fun Parlors (Staff Editorial In 'The Age' Describes An Attempt To Purge A Seamy Area In Melbourne, Australia, Of Illegal Drug Sellers And Users) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 20:50:19 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Australia: Editorial: Cleaning Up The Fun Parlors Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Ken Russell Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Source: The Age Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.theage.com.au/ CLEANING UP THE FUN PARLORS EVERY major city has its seamy side and Melbourne is no exception. One of its trouble spots is in and around Russell Street, a scruffy precinct of gaudy amusement parlors, some tawdry shops, cheap cafes and often dirty alleyways. The amusement parlors act as a magnet for many young people, who become a target for hustlers with drugs to sell. It is a depressing scene where passers-by sometimes find themselves crunching discarded syringes underfoot or glimpsing drug deals being done - and not only during the hours of darkness. Some of the parlors post security guards outside, which tends to add to a mild air of menace. And a popular fast-food outlet now restricts access to its toilets to deter drug users from using them as a shooting gallery. The Lord Mayor, Cr Ivan Deveson, is eager to clean up this blot on the city's fabric, and rightly so. The Melbourne City Council and police have reached an agreement with the operators of 12 city amusement parlors to create a safer, cleaner environment. The problem is neither the existence of the parlors nor the presence of young people seeking amusement, but rather the street drug culture that has evolved in the area. The parlor managers have agreed to exercise stricter controls and cooperate with police, the police are expected to give the precinct closer attention, and the council, it is to be hoped, will keep the area cleaner. The council's initiative is based on its Drug Action Plan for Melbourne and encouraged by the success of the move to improve security in the sometimes rowdy nightclub precinct of King Street. Such action is even more important in Russell Street because the amusement parlors attract many under-age children and the street drug-dealing seems more concentrated. We hope the council succeeds in making this area safer, cleaner and better policed, but we also recognise that drug dealing is more likely to be dispersed than diminished. Reducing the drug menace is a challenge that requires more thought, effort and resources than the city council can apply. But it is doing what it can within its powers, and that is to be applauded.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Liberal On Drug Charges ('The Australian' Says Michael Brazier Of Mount Lawley, Perth, Who Was Involved In The Liberal Party In The Mid-1980s, Was Charged Friday With Depravation Of Liberty, Threats With Intent To Influence, Assault Occasioning Bodily Harm And Possession Of Ecstasy, Cocaine And Amphetamines With Intent To Sell Or Supply) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 00:48:54 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Australia: Ex-Liberal On Drug Charges Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Ken Russell Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Source: The Australian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/ Author: Monica Videnieks EX-LIBERAL ON DRUG CHARGES A FORMER West Australian Liberal Party official has been charged with drug offences. Police charged Michael Brazier, 46, of Mount Lawley, Perth, with depravation of liberty, threats with intent to influence, assault occasioning bodily harm and possession of ecstasy, cocaine and amphetamines with intent to sell or supply on Friday. Brazier was involved in the Liberal Party in the mid-1980s and is a former president of the party's division in the Perth seat of Swan. Police said Friday's charging of Brazier and an Albany accomplice came after a two-year investigation by the Organised Crime Squad. Brazier was released on $50,000 bail with a similar surety and will face the Perth Central Law Courts later this week.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Elections (Britain's Campaign To Legalise Cannabis International Association Announces Endorsement Of Danny Tungate, A Local Candidate In Norwich, England) To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (CLCIA) Subject: Local Elections Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 16:45:13 +0100 Hi CLCIA are pleased to announce our support for Danny Tungate Independent Legalise Cannabis candidate Catton Grove ward, Norwich in the forthcoming local elections. Danny recognises that the legalisation of cannabis would be a huge step to solving the current 'drugs' problem as well as opening the doorway for the many uses of cannabis, other than as a substance of recreation and medicine, which would help solve many environmental problems due to pollutants from synthetic alternatives. Danny sees the cannabis issue as one which is of great importance to the local, national and international communities. As a single issue it has relevance to at least law and order, civil liberties, health, education, drugs, pollution and the environment, transport and employment. Danny Tungate can be contacted on 01603 413753 Jack Girling Tina Smith Alun Buffry for the members of The Campaign to Legalise Cannabis International Association. Don't miss out! Derek's VIDEO of the IoS Cannabis March in London, is now available from the CLCIA in VHS format at £10 inc. P & P. CANNABIS QUIZ - WIN A TRIP TO AMSTERDAM SEE: http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/canquiz.html This is a fund-raising quiz. Entry is just 2 pounds. *** CLCIA On-Line Bookshop: http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/webhome.html tested safe and secure purchase through Amazon.com *** Campaign to Legalise Cannabis International Association (CLCIA) 54C Peacock Street, Norwich, Norfolk, NR3 1TB, England Campaigners' Guide: http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/index.html CLCIA: http://www.foobar.co.uk/users/ukcia/groups/clcia/clcia.html e-mail : email@example.com Tel : +44 (0)1603 625780 "The use of cannabis ought to be a matter of choice, not of law." *** The drugtext press list. News on substance use related issues, drugs and drug policy firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Tobacco Deaths - 400,000 A Year, Marijuana Deaths - 0 (British Columbian's Letter To Editor Of 'Irish Independent' Cites US Drug Deaths In Order To Rebut Earlier Letter From George Maybury, General Secretary Of Ireland's Association Of Garda Sergeants And Inspectors) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: LTE: Tobacco deaths - 400,000 a year, marijuana deaths - 0 (fwd) Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 17:31:07 -0700 Lines: 60 Date: Monday, 20 April 1998 Source: The Irish Independent Contact: email@example.com Monday, 20 April 1998 Letters Sir - Regarding the statement made by George Maybury, general secretary of the Association of Garda Sergeants and Inspectors: "If you want to reform an alcoholic you hardly increase his access to a full range of alcohol," please allow me to offer the following observations: * The alcoholic already has "access to a full range of alcohol". No increase is possible. To refer to it as a possibility is asinine. * It is a matter of public record that efforts to "reform" alcoholics were a dismal failure. Why does Mr Maybury appear to think that efforts to "reform" those among us who are addicted to other drugs will have any greater success? * One does not seek to "reform" diabetics. Diabetes is recognised as an illness, as is alcoholism and other psycho-active drugs. * The medical profession had give up on alcoholics. Then, in 1934, "one alcoholic helping another" to stay sober "one day at a time", led to the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous, and the hope for resolution of the alcoholic's potential lethal dilemma. * The alcoholic who chooses to stay sober does so in spite of having access to a "full range of alcohol". * Mr Maybury appears to be suffering from the "Alsinger syndrome". Harry Alsinger was the original US "Drug Czar" who. referring to it as this "lethal weed", was the prime mover in having marijuana outlawed by the US Congress in 1937, falsely categorised as a narcotic, and having the users subjected to the same criminal sanctions as those imposed on heroin and cocaine. Some millions of deaths later most readers will know which are the lethal drugs. Tobacco causes 400,000 deaths a year in America; alcohol, 125,000; marijuana, zero. Perhaps Mr Maybury could supply these figures for Ireland. I won't take up more time dealing with the rest of his remarks except to say that, unless he is unbelievably ignorant of the facts, they are both dishonest and stupid. By and large if one is seeking information, it makes as little sense to ask George Maybury about drugs as to ask a chemist about the law. Mr Maybury's primary function is to protect and enhance the interests of the organisation that employs him. His remarks lead me to believe that if he judged it feasible, he would prohibit masturbation, demonising it as he does marijuana. Pat Dolan, Vancouver B.C.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Tobacco Debate Drags On ('The European' Says The European Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee Voted 12 To Seven Last Week That The EU Institutions Were Exceeding Their Mission In Imposing A Ban On Tobacco Advertising) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 10:03:34 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: UK: Tobacco Debate Drags On Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: European, The Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.the-european.com/ Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Newshawk Note: 'Fag' is slang for cigarette TOBACCO DEBATE DRAGS ON Could an imminent European ban on tobacco advertising yet go up in smoke? The environment committee of the European Parliament this week debates the final form of the proposed directive, which would oblige countries to introduce a general ban on tobacco advertising within three years, although newspapers will be allowed to carry cigarette adverts for another year and sponsorship of sporting and arts events will be given a further two years' grace. Tobacco industry lobbyists were given a fag-end of hope last week when the European Parliament's legal affairs committee voted 12 to seven that the EU institutions were exceeding their remit in imposing the ban, which is based on an article of the EU's governing treaty, supposed to ensure the smooth functioning of the single market. Opponents say the ban's true purpose is the protection of health, which should be left to national governments. The anti-smoking lobby argues that the legal basis for the directive is sound and has been backed by the experts of the European Commission, Palriament and the Council of Ministers. Even if, as expected, the full Parliament supports the ban unamended in three week's time and it becomes law, it looks likely to be taken to the European Court of Justice, either by the governments of Germany or Austria or whomever else the tobacco industry can find to help.
------------------------------------------------------------------- In A Turnaround, Burmese Junta Moves Against Opium (According To 'The New York Times,' The Military Junta That Took Over Burma In 1988 Says It Wants To Eradicate All Opium Within Five Years, Though The Economy Has Become Dependent On It - Burrna Produced An Estimated 2,600 Tons Of Opium Last Year, Enough To Make More Than 200 Tons Of Heroin - At Least 60 Percent Of The World Total) Date: Tue, 21 Apr 1998 19:34:01 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Burma: In a Turnaround, Burmese Junta Moves Against Opium Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Peter Webster Source: International Herald-Tribune Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.iht.com/ Pubdate: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 Author: Christopher S. Wren, New York Times Service IN A TURNAROUND, BURMESE JUNTA MOVES AGAINST OPIUM LASHIO, Burma---In the remote valleys and rugged mountains here in northeastern Burma, opium offers more than a narcotic high. For years, it has provided a livelihood for hill tribes who inhabit the northern expanse of the Golden Triangle, the lush, lawless area of Southeast Asia that is the source of much of the world's heroin. Opium finances daily needs, from rice and cooking oil to assault rifles. The rifles are used to wage rebellion and to defend the mule caravans transporting the sticky, pungent opium to be refined into heroin for American and European drug habits. Burrna produced an estimated 2,600 tons of opium last year, enough to make more than 200 tons of heroin---at least 60 percent of the world total. But the drug trade is changing along Burma's porous frontiers with Thailand, China and Laos, and one of the most startling shifts may be in the attitude of the military junta that seized power in this country in 1988. For years the junta tolerated opium trafficking as the price of its cease-fires with insurgent ethnic groups. Now it says it wants to eradicate all opium within five years. To show what it has accomplished, it recently allowed three American reporters into an opium-growing region usually closed to visitors. Some diplomats in Rangoon, the capital, view the eradication claim skeptically because land devoted to opium cultivation has doubled under the junta's rule, and the country's mismanaged economy has grown to rely on laundered drug profits. The government says it has eradicated 41,000 acres (16,500 hectares) of poppies a 10th of the land under opium cultivation in Burrna. "The crop eradication areas are only small parts of the areas they do control, " a Western diplomat said. "They are window dressing." Colonel Gyaw Thien, the chief of Burrna's counternarcotics program, disagreed. "It's quite unfair," he said. "We are making much more effective interdictions and seizures than we have in the past." Last year, police and army units reported seizing 1.5 tons of heroin, compared with about half a ton in 1996, though their record seizures amount to less than I percent of Burma's output. "This drug problem is not only the problem of the United States, " Colonel Gyaw Thien said. "It's our problem, too. We know that we cannot fight this alone." The junta's new policy puts Washington in a quandary because the United States cut off counter-narcotics aid to Burma after the coup in 1988. Restoring such aid could undercut other American economic sanctions and lend legitimacy to a dictatorship that stands accused of widespread abuse of human rights. Hla Min, deputy director of the Office of Strategic Studies, a planning branch of military intelligence, said: "We think we can get rid of 60 percent of the heroin going into the U.S. in 12 months' time if the U.S. cooperates with us." A Western diplomat who watched the shift concluded: " What this government wants to do is perpetuate itself in power. They know it's got a bad image. They looked at drugs and found this is the one asset they have. They'd like to use whatever they've done to improve their image and try to get sanctions lifted. " The State Department acknowledges in its latest drug control report that it has no evidence that Burma' s government is trafficking in drugs on an institutional level. "However," the report said, "there are persistent and reliable reports that officials, particularly army personnel posted in outlying areas, are involved in the drug business." The government denies this, citing the arrest of 11 army officers last April for colluding with a heroin refining operation in northem Shan state. The senior of ficer, a lieutenant colonel, was sent to prison for 25 years. It also deported Li Yunchun, a fugitive trafficker indicted in New York, to Thailand, which handed him over to the United States. But new traffickers, notably the Wa, a fierce hill people whose ancestors hunted heads, have wrested control of the lucrative heroin business from remnants of renegade Chinese Nationalist soldiers and rebel militias. Nearly a million Wa straddle the border between China and Burma. Their insurgent army has diversified from heroin into methamphetamines, powerful synthetic stimulants that have saturated Thailand and since tumed up in Japan, Taiwan and Malaysia, Burmese and Westem officials said. A Burmese counter-narcotics official said the Wa now make more money from methamphetamines than from heroin and refine both drugs themselves using chemicals smuggled in primarily from China. Because of aggressive interdiction by the Thai police, the old trafficking routes through the Golden Triangle are shifting from Thailand and into China, or less often Laos and even northeastern India. Some heroin still moves by truck down from the Shan highlands market town of Lashio, through lowland Mandalay to the port of Rangoon. Eradicating opium could help the military government's strategy of subduing ethnic insurgents who traffic in opium to finance their wars of independence. Government troops cannot enter most Wa-controlled territory without a battle. With an army estimated at 15,000 to 20,000 men, the Wa have grown so strong, acquiring surface-to-air missiles and modern communications equipment, that government troops say they are outgunned. "The Burmese would like nothing better than to do away with the drug trade," another diplomat in Rangoon said, "because it would take guns out of the hands of these armies." The government's creation of a handful of opium-free zones has upset local farmers. "What we're talking about is really changing their life style," said Jorgen Kristensen, an official with the United Nations Drug Control Program which has introduced alternative development projects. "Poppy cultivation is ingrained in their culture." At Narn Tit, a Wa town about a halfhour's walk from the Chinese border, Zi Zi Fa said that his grandfather and father grew opium poppies. He earns about $650 for his own annual crop of 12% pounds. Since the government told him to grow soybeans instead, he said, he earns a 10th of what opium paid, not enough to feed 10 family members. "The family is barely surviving,'' he said. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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